Materials and Technologies for the energy transition (MTET)
The MTET research program aims at providing essential scientific insights and viable technologies for the energy transition in Germany and for the sustainable transformation of the energy supply and use worldwide. The program targets an energy system of the future that comprises effective climate protection, supply security and beneficial economics. To reach its ambitious goals, the research program addresses research and development work to massively extend renewable electricity production, and to integrate a higher share of renewable electricity into the entire energy system. This includes efforts to enhance the efficiency in renewable energy harvesting, provision, and rational use for electricity production, but also for the industry, heat and mobility sectors. Aiming for a sustainable future economy, the closure of carbon, mineral and metallic materials cycles is mandatory. Therefore, the MTET research program considers innovative energy technologies and the related impact on resource processing in a holistic manner.
TOPIC 1: PHOTOVOLTAICS AND WIND ENERGY
Photovoltaics and Wind Energy, are the two most important technological pillars for the future supply of renewable electricity. Our research covers basic materials issues, the development of high-performance components and systems, long-term stability and cost-effective and sustainable production technologies. Moreover, the integration of these fluctuating generation technologies into the entire energy system as well as environmental and acceptance aspects will be addressed in close cooperation with the ESD Program.
TOPIC 2: ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE
Electrochemical Energy Storage, focuses on a powerful, safe and cost-efficient energy storage in electrochemical energy storage systems. In a comprehensive approach, our research aims for new battery materials, new processes for cell production, new battery production technologies and battery systems development for specific stationary and mobile applications.
TOPIC 3: CHEMICAL ENERGY CARRIERS
Chemical Energy Carriers, addresses efficient chemical storage technologies to bridge the gap between energy supply and demand across time and different locations. Our research targets new devices, processes and value chains for the conversion of renewable electricity and solar radiation into valuable energy carriers with strongly reduced or zero emissions, such as hydrogen, hydrogen carriers or synthetic fuels.
TOPIC 4: HIGH-TEMPERATURE THERMAL TECHNOLOGIES
High-Temperature Thermal Technologies, centers on the provision, storage and utilization of high-temperature heat from the combustion of renewable energy sources, from solar energy or from geothermal sources. To cover the electrical residual load and to provide sustainable heat for industry and households, we aim to exploit load and fuel-flexible gas turbines, advanced concentrating solar technologies, geothermal heat extraction, high-temperature heat pumps, and tailor-made thermal energy storage systems.
TOPIC 5: RESOURCE AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY
Research in Topic 5, Resource and Energy Efficiency, is dedicated to the development of resource- and energy-efficient technologies for carbon-rich, metalliferous and construction raw materials from anthropogenic and geogenic sources. The systemic contribution of the developed technologies to energy and resource efficiency will be quantified and communicated to society and industry, thus making an important contribution to the establishment of a sustainable circular economy within the context of the energy transition.
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