MTET - Resource and Energy Efficiency

Research in Topic 5, Resource and Energy Efficiency, is dedicated to the development of resource- and energy-efficient technologies for carbon-rich, metalliferous and construction raw materials from anthropogenic and geogenic sources. The systemic contribution of the developed technologies to energy and resource efficiency will be quantified and communicated to society and industry, thus making an important contribution to the establishment of a sustainable circular economy within the context of the energy transition.

Subtopic 5.1: Anthropogenic Carbon Cycle

S. Fleck, U. Santo, C. Hotz, T. Jakobs, G. Eckel, M. Mancini, R. Weber, T. Kolb, Entrained Flow Gasification Part 1: Gasification of Glycol in an Atmospheric-Pressure Experimental Rig, Fuel 217 (2018) 306-319, doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2017.12.077

M. Mancini, M. Alberti, M. Dammann, U. Santo, G. Eckel, T.Kolb, R. Weber, Entrained Flow Gasification. Part 2: Mathematical Modeling of the Gasifier Using RANS Method, Fuel 225 (2018) 596-611, doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2018.03.100

G. Eckel, P. Le Clercq, T. Kathrotia, A.Sänger, S. Fleck, M. Mancini, T. Kolb, M. Aigner, Entrained Flow Gasification. Part 3: Insight into the Injector Near-Field by Large Eddy Simulation with Detailed Chemistry, Fuel 223 (2018) 164-178 doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2018.02.176

P. Stoesser, C. Schneider, T. Kreitzberg, R. Kneer, T. Kolb, On the influence of different experimental systems on measured heterogeneous gasification kinetics, Applied Energy 211 (2018) 582-589, doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.11.037

N. Dahmen, J. Abeln, M. Eberhard, T. Kolb, H. Leibold, J. Sauer, D. Stapf, B. Zimmerlin, The bioliq process for producing synthetic transportation fuels, WIREs Energy Environ, 2017, 6: null, doi:10.1002/wene.236

M. Tomasi Morgano, H. Leibold, F. Richter, D. Stapf, H. Seifert, Screw pyrolysis technology for sewage sludge treatment, Waste Management 73 (2018) 487-495, doi:10.1016/j.wasman.2017.05.049

M. Tomasi Morgano, B. Bergfeldt, H. Leibold, F. Richter, D. Stapf, Intermediate Pyrolysis of Agricultural Waste:  A Decentral Approach towards Circular Economy, CHEMICAL ENGINEERING TRANSACTIONS 65 (2018) 649-654, doi:10.3303/CET1865109

A. Golberg, M. Sack, J. Teissie, G. Pataro, U. Pliquett, G. Saulis, S. Töpfl, D. Miklavcic, E. Vorobiev and W. Frey, Energy‑efficient biomass processing with pulsed electric fields for bioeconomy and sustainable development. Biotechnology for Biofuels (2016) 9:94, doi:10.1186/s13068-016-0508-z

A. Silve, I. Papachristou, R. Wüstner, R. Sträßner, M. Schirmer, K. Leber, B. Guo, L. Interrante, C.Posten, W. Frey, Extraction of lipids from wet microalga Auxenochlorella protothecoides using pulsed electric field treatment and ethanol-hexane blends: Algal Research (2018) Vol.29 p-212-222,doi:10.1016/j.algal.2017.11.016

A. Kruse, N. Dahmen, Hydrothermal biomass conversion: Quo vadis?, Journal of Supercritical Fluids 134 (2018), pp. 114-123, doi:10.1016/j.supflu.2017.12.035

A. Funke, M. Tomasi Morgano, N. Dahmen, H. Leibold, Experimental comparison of two bench scale units for fast and intermediate pyrolysis, Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis 124 (2017), pp. 504-514, doi:10.1016/j.jaap.2016.12.033

A. Funke, E. Henrich, N. Dahmen, J. Sauer, Dimensional Analysis of Auger-Type Fast Pyrolysisi Reactors, Energy Technology, 5 (1) (2017), pp.2019-129, doi:10.1002/ente.201600095

C. Pfitzer, N. Dahmen, N. Tröger, F. Weirich, J. Sauer, A. Günther, M. Müller-Hagedorn, Fast Pyrolysis of Wheat Straw in the Bioliq Pilot Plant, Energy and Fuels, 30 (10) (2016), pp. 8047-8054, doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.6b01412

A. Kruse, N. Dahmen, Water - A magic solvent for biomass conversion, Journal of Supercritical Fluids (2015), 96, pp. 36-45, doi:10.1016/j.supflu.2014.09.038

F. Oswald, S. Dörsam, N. Veith, M. Zwick, A. Neumann, K. Ochsenreither, C. Syldatk, Sequential mixed cultures: From syngas to malic acid, Frontiers in Microbiology, 7 (JUN) (2016), art. no. 891, doi:10.3389/fmicb.2016.00891

 

Subtopic 5.2: Metals and Minerals Cycle

M. Frenzel, K. Bachmann, J.R.S. Carvalho, J.M.R.S. Relvas, N Pacheco, J. Gutzmer (2018) The geometallurgical assessment of by-products—geochemical proxies for the complex mineralogical deportment of indium at Neves-Corvo, Portugal. Mineralium Deposita, (2018) doi:10.1007/s00126-018-0849-6

M. Frenzel, J. Kullik, M.A. Reuter, J. Gutzmer, Raw material ‘criticality’—sense or nonsense?, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 50 (12), 123002 (2017) doi:10.1088/1361-6463/aa5b64

L. Tusa, L. Andreani, M. Khodadadzadeh, C. Contreras, P. Ivascanu, R. Gloaguen, J. Gutzmer, Mineral mapping and vein detection in hyperspectral drill-core scans: application to porphyry-type mineralization. Minerals, 9, 122 (2019) doi:10.3390/min9020122

S. Jakob, R. Zimmermann, R. Gloaguen, The need for accurate geometric and radiometric corrections of drone-borne hyperspectral data for mineral exploration: MEPHySTo—A toolbox for pre-processing drone-borne hyperspectral data, Remote Sensing, 9, 88 (2017), doi:10.3390/rs9010088

M.A. Reuter, A. van Schaik, J. Gutzmer, N. Bartie, A. Abadías Llamas Challenges of the Circular Economy - A metallurgical and product design perspective. Annual Review of Materials Research, https://www.annualreviews.org/matsci/planned 49 (2019) 

R.F. van Schalkwyk, M.A. Reuter, J. Gutzmer, M. Stelter, Challenges of digitalizing the circular economy: Assessment of the state-of-the-art of metallurgical carrier metal platform for lead and its associated technology elements, Journal of Cleaner Production, 186, 585-601 (2018), doi:10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.03.111

E. Tajuelo Rodriguez, K. Garbev, D. Merz, L. Black, I.G. Richardson, Thermal stability of C-S-H phases and applicability of Richardson and Groves' and Richardson C-(A)-S-H(I) models to synthetic C-S-H, Cement and Concrete Research 93, 45–56. (2017), doi:10.1016/j.cemconres.2016.12.005

P. Stemmermann, New CO2-reduced cementitious systems. In: Herbert Pöllmann (Ed.): Cementitious Materials. Composition, Properties, Application Walter de Gruyter, 333–352 (2017) doi: 10.1515/9783110473728-012

K. Pollmann, S. Kutschke, S. Matys, G. Hlawacek, F.L. Lederer, Bio-recycling of metals: Recycling of technical products using biological applications. Biotechnology Advances 36, 1048-1062(2018), doi:10.1016/j.biotechadv.2018.03.006

R. Jain, S. Fan, P. Kaden, S. Tsushima, H. Foerstendorf, R. Barthen, F. Lehmann, K. Pollmann, (in press) Recovery of gallium from wafer fabrication industry wastewaters by Desferrioxamine B and E using reversed-phase chromatography approach, Water Research (2019), doi:10.1016/j.watres.2019.04.005

E. Schach, M. Buchmann, R. Tolosana-Delgado, T. Leißner, M. Kern, K.G. van den Boogaart, M. Rudolph, U.A. Peuker, Multidimensional characterization of separation processes – Part 1: Introducing kernel methods and entropy in the context of mineral processing using SEM-based image analysis, Minerals Engineering, 137, 78-86 (2019), doi:10.1016/j.mineng.2019.03.026

T. Leistner, U.A. Peuker, M. Rudolph, How gangue particle size can affect the recovery of ultrafine and fine particles during froth flotation, Minerals Engineering, 109, 1-9 (2017), doi:10.1016/j.mineng.2017.02.005

B. Michaux, J. Hannula, M. Rudolph, M.A. Reuter, K.G. van den Boogaart, R. Möckel, P. Kobylin, M. Hultgren, M. Peltomäki, A. Roine, A. Remes, Water-saving strategies in the mining industry–The potential of mineral processing simulators as a tool for their implementation, Journal of Environmental Management, 234, 546-553 (2019), doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.11.139

T. Helbig, S. Gilbricht, F. Lehmann, B. Daus, N. Kelly, R. Haseneder, C. Scharf, Oxidative leaching of a sulfidic flue dust of former copper shale processing with focus on rhenium, Minerals Engineering, 128, 168–178 (2018) doi:10.1016/j.mineng.2018.08.028

A. Balinski, P. Atanasova, O. Wiche, N. Kelly, C. Scharf,M.A. Reuter, Recovery of REEs, Zr(+Hf), Mn and Nb by H2SO4 leaching of eudialyte concentrate, Hydrometallurgy (2019), doi:10.1016/j.hydromet.2019.04.007

 

Subtopic 5.3: High Temperature Superconductivity

E. Berrospe Juarez, V. M. R. Zermeño, F. Trillaud, F. Grilli, Real-time simulation of large-scale HTS systems: multi-scale and homogeneous models using T-A formulation, Supercond. Sci. Technol. (in press) (2019) doi:10.1088/1361-6668/ab0d66

F. Grilli, A. Morandi, F. De Silvestri, R. Brambilla, Dynamic modeling of levitation of a superconducting bulk by coupled H-magnetic field and arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian formulations, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 31, 125003 (2018) doi:10.1088/1361-6668/aae426

R. Gyuráki, F. Grilli, F. Sirois, High-speed fluorescent thermal imaging of quench propagation in high temperature superconductor tapes, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 31, 034003 (2018), doi:10.1088/1361-6668/aaa703

F. Grilli, Numerical Modeling of HTS Applications, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 26, 0500408 (2016) doi:10.1109/TASC.2016.2520083

F. Grilli, A. Kario, How filaments can reduce AC losses in HTS coated conductors: a review Supercond. Sci. Technol.  29, 083002 (2016) doi:10.1088/0953-2048/29/8/083002

Y. Liu, F. Schreiner, M. Lao, M. Noe, M. Doppelbauer, Design of a superconducting DC demonstrator for wind generators, IEEE Trans. on Energy Conversion, Vol. 33, Issue 4, (2018), doi:10.1109/TEC.2018.2846721

D. Kottonau, E. Shabagin, M. Noe, S. Grohmann, Opportunities for High-Voltage AC Superconducting Cables as Part of New Long-Distance Transmission Lines, IEEE Trans. AppliedSuperconductivity, Vol. 27, Issue 4, (2017), doi:10.1109/TASC.2017.2652856

S. Hellmann, M. Abplanalp, L. Hofstetter, M. Noe, Manufacturing of a 1-MVA-Class Superconducting Fault Current Limiting Transformer with Recovery-Under-Load Capabilities, IEEE Trans. on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 27, Issue 4, (2017), doi:10.1109/TASC.2017.2652493

Y. Li, M. Noe, M. Doppelbauer, Feasibility study of a superconducting DC direct-drive wind generator, IEEE Trans. on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 26, Issue 4, (2016), doi:10.1109/TASC.2016.2536103

W.T.B. de Sousa, A. Polasek, T.M.L. Assis, R. de Andrade, M. Noe, Simulations of resistive and air coil SFCLs in a power grid, IEEE Trans. on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 25, Issue 3, (2015), doi:10.1109/TASC.2014.2387311

P. Cayado, M. Erbe, S. Kauffmann-Weiss, C. Bühler, A. Jung, J. Hänisch and B. Holzapfel, Large critical current densities and pinning forces in CSD-grown superconducting GdBa2Cu3O7−x -BaHfO3 nanocomposite films, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 30 (2017) 094007 doi:10.1088/1361-6668/aa7e47

K. Iida, H. Sato, C. Tarantini, J. Hänisch, J. Jaroszynski, H. Hiramatsu, B. Holzapfel and H. Hosono, High-field transport properties of a P-doped BaFe2As2 film on technical substrate, Scientific Reports, Vol. 7, Article number: 39951 (2017), doi:10.1038/srep39951

L. Opherden, M. Sieger, P. Pahlke, R. Hühne, L. Schultz, A. Meledin, G. Van Tendeloo, R. Nast, B. Holzapfel, M. Bianchetti, J. L. MacManus-Driscoll and J. Hänisch, Large pinning forces and matching effects inYBa2Cu3O7-δ thin films with Ba2Y(Nb/Ta)O6 nano- precipitates, Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Article number: 21188 (2016), doi:10.1038/srep21188

M. Erbe, J. Hänisch, R. Hühne, T. Freudenberg, A. Kirchner, L. Molina-Luna, C. Damm, G. Van Tendeloo, S. Kaskel, L. Schultz and B. Holzapfel, BaHfO3 artificial pinning centres in TFA-MOD-derived YBCO and GdBCO thin films, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 28 (2015) 114002, doi:10.1088/0953-2048/28/11/114002

J. Hänisch, K. Iida, F. Kurth, E. Reich, C. Tarantini, J. Jaroszynski, T. Förster, G. Fuchs, R. Hühne, V. Grinenko, L. Schultz and B. Holzapfel, High field superconducting properties of Ba(Fe1−xCox)2As2 thin films, Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Article number: 17363 (2015),  doi:10.1038/srep17363

 

Subtopic 5.4: Energy-efficient Processes

Y. Liao, T. Ma, E. Krepper, D. Lucas, J. Fröhlich, Application of a new model for bubble-induced turbulence to bubbly flows in containers and vertical pipes, Chem. Eng. Sci. 202, 55 (2019), doi:10.1016/j.ces.2019.03.007

D. Schurmann, B. Willers, G. Hackl, Y. Tang, S. Eckert, Experimental study of the mold flow induced by a swirling flow nozzle and electromagnetic stirring for continuous casting of round blooms, Met. Mat. Transactions B 50, 716 (2019) doi:10.1007/s11663-018-1491-5

X. Yang, D. Baczyzmalski, C. Cierpka, G. Mutschke, K. Eckert, Marangoni convection at electrogenerated hydrogen bubbles, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 20 (17), 11542 (2018) doi:10.1039/c8cp01050a

W. Ding, T. Geißler, E. Krepper, U. Hampel, Critical heat flux as a mass flux dependent local or global phenomenon: Theoretical analysis and experimental confirmation, Int. J. Therm. Sci. 130, 200 (2018) doi:10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2018.04.040

A.-E. Sommer, M. Nikpay, S. Heitkam,M. Rudolph, K. Eckert, A novel method for measuring flotation recovery by means of 4D particle tracking velocimetry, Minerals Engineering 124, 116 (2018) doi:10.1016/j.mineng.2018.05.006

S. Heitkam, M. Rudolph, T. Lappan, S. Eckert, K. Eckert, et al., Neutron imaging of froth structure and particle motion, Minerals Engineering 119, 126 (2018) doi:10.1016/j.mineng.2018.01.021

T. Ziegenhein, A. Tomiyama, D. Lucas, A new measuring concept to determine the lift force for distorted bubbles in low Morton number system: Results for air/water, Int. J. Multiphase Flow 108, 11 (2018) doi:10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2018.06.012

Z. Lei, B. Fritzsche, K. Eckert, Evaporation-Assisted Magnetic Separation of Rare-Earth Ions in Aqueous Solutions, J. Phys. Chem. C 121, 24576 (2017) doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b07344

M. Haghnegahdar, S. Boden, U. Hampel, Experimental analysis of Taylor bubble behavior and mass transfer during lateral oscillation of a vertical milli-channel, Chem. Eng. J. 326, 308 (2017) doi:10.1016/j.cej.2017.05.138

A. Döß, M. Schubert, A. Bieberle, U. Hampel, Non-invasive determination of gas phase dispersion coefficients in bubble columns using periodic gas flow modulation, Chem. Eng. Sci. 171, 256 (2017) doi:10.1016/j.ces.2017.05.019

J. Zalucky, M. Wagner, M. Schubert, R. Lange, U. Hampel, Hydrodynamics of descending gas-liquid flows in solid foams: Liquid holdup, multiphase pressure drop and radial dispersion, Chem. Eng. Sci. 168, 480 (2017) doi:10.1016/j.ces.2017.05.011

T. Ma, C. Santarelli, T. Ziegenhein, D. Lucas, J. Fröhlich, Direct numerical simulation-based Reynolds-averaged closure for bubble-induced turbulence, Phys. Rev. Fluids 2, 034301 (2017), doi:10.1103/PhysRevFluids.2.034301

T. Schäfer, C. Meitzner, R. Lange, U. Hampel, A study of two-phase flow in monoliths using ultrafast single-slice X-ray computed tomography, Int. J. Multiphase Flow 86, 56 (2016), doi:10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2016.07.008

X. Yang, F. Karnbach, M. Uhlemann, S. Odenbach, K. Eckert, Dynamics of single hydrogen bubbles at a platinum microelectrode, Langmuir 31 (29), 8184 (2015) doi:10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b01825

I. Grants, G. Gerbeth, A. Bojarevics, Contactless magnetic excitation of acoustic cavitation in liquid metals,  J. Appl. Phys. 117, 204901 (2015) doi:10.1063/1.4921164

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