Energy System Transformation

Topic 1 - “Energy System Transformation” addresses the sociotechnical design and integrated assessment of sustainable future energy systems embedded in their full technical, economic, environmental, societal and political contexts. For this purpose, Topic 1 will develop quantitative and qualitative transformation scenarios as a basis for discussion and decision-making by policymakers in societal real-world labs aimed at demonstrating societal feasibility, while ensuring technical effectiveness. The quantitative assessment of transformation pathways for energy systems will be based on technoeconomic simulation and optimization models with a temporal resolution and timeframe ranging from sub-hourly to decades, where model parameters will be iteratively refined based on insights gained in societal real-world laboratories.