Oceans Programme

Oceans cover 70 per cent of the Earth’s surface. Deep oceans, in particular, are difficult to access and are still largely unexplored. This interdisciplinary programme examines the physical, chemical, biological and geological processes in oceans as well as the interactions between these processes and both the ocean floor and the atmosphere.

It focuses on the role of the ocean in climate change, human impact on marine ecosystems, the possible use of the oceans’ biological, mineral and energy resources, and the potential risks of geodynamic processes in oceans and deep seas.

It is divided into the topics “Ocean Circulation and Climate”, “Ocean Warming, Acidification and Deoxygenation”, “Marine Biodiversity and Ecosystem Evolution”, “The Dynamics of Ocean Floor”, “Natural Hazards” and “Natural Resources”.

Participating Helmholtz Centres:

GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel
Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences

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