Fundamentals of Future Information Technology
According to Moore’s Law, the size of components on a chip will continue to shrink at a rapid pace. But how much smaller can these components actually become before they lose their physical functionality? In around 15 to 20 years, we will approach a characteristic size of 5 nanometres. According to present-day knowledge, this represents the physical limit for conventional electronics. To go beyond this limit, researchers will have to exploit new phenomena and develop new concepts for components. Research within this programme therefore studies quantum electronic, magneto-electronic, ferroelectric, redoxswitching and molecular nanostructures. Ultrahigh-frequency electronics and bioelectrical signal processing are also part of this programme.
The scientists perform basic research on materials and the processes that take place within them. They explore information processing in logic devices, the storage of information in random access memories and mass memories, the transfer of information on the chip and system level and they also develop new sensors.